Based on Egyptian info matchmaking into the fourteen th millennium B

A keen Arabian Tribe

Brand new Midianites was indeed a great Proto-Arabian tribe; their house foot was in Arabia and so are linked to Ishmaelites. The ebook from Judges states that it explicitly on the tale regarding Gideon, who helps to make the pursuing the demand of Israelites shortly after conquering new Midianites:

We see proof of the relationship between Midianites and Ishmaelites due to the fact better with regards to brands. For-instance, Moses dad-in-legislation Jethro otherwise Jether (Exod cuatro:17) gets the exact same title given that Davids sis-in-rules (spouse out-of Davids aunt Abigail), Jether new Ishmaelite (step one Chron 2:17).

The fresh Spice Trading

In Iron Decades and you can afterwards, the fresh Midianites, while the a keen Arabian tribe, was basically an element of the spruce trading. They’d traveling off Arabia and you will move across Israel to their way to new Mediterranean coastline and you can/otherwise Egypt. This really is reflected from the biblical story away from Joseph, hence makes reference to Midianite and you can Ishmaelite traders maneuvering to Egypt that have herbs and submissives:

In this tale, the brand new people got first going northern, possibly to help you trade for the Arameans, and you can was indeed swinging southern from the Jezreel valley towards the Thru Maris, that will get him or her for the Egypt. Even though the story is set regarding the second century B.C.Elizabeth., anachronistic have such as for instance camels demonstrate that it actually was written in the original century B.C.Elizabeth.

The new strong relationship ranging from this type of east Arabian tribes additionally the liven station is mirrored on title brand new Bible (Gen twenty-five:1-2) offers the eponymous mommy, Qeturah (?????), a name about the Hebrew phrase to have incense, qetoret (?????).

Basically, the fresh new Midianites was indeed a keen Arabian tribe involved in metallurgy as well as the spruce change, whoever foot was at the new northeast of your own Arabian Peninsula, but whose visited off settlement was much wider, with pouches residing the southwestern Sinai Peninsula, the new south Transjordan, as well as the Aravah (the brand new wasteland an element of the southeastern Negev), most likely because of the copper veins there.

The newest Shaswe-Land YHWA

C.Elizabeth., we realize the Midianites were not truly the only ethnic communities traditions this such elements. From the geographic checklist inside Amunhotep IIIs Soleb Nubian forehead, the folks of Aravah as well as the southern area Transjordan are known as Shaswe (otherwise Shasu), a generic term definition something such as “nomadic tribes.”

The word shaswe, s?sw ( ) is written after the Egyptian determinative to possess “land” t? ( ), proving that Egyptian text are detailing some other geographic areas inhabited from the individuals shaswe. An area noted is known as Nomad-property Seir, which is similar into the Attach Seir area inside Edom. Next label in the record, and therefore nearby otherwise contiguous having Seir, was Nomad-land Yehwa, yhw?(w) ( ). This new enunciation from the name’s unclear, because eg Hebrew, hieroglyphics don’t include vowels, however the name is apparently related to title from the newest Israelite deity, YHWH, whoever right ancient enunciation is additionally unknown.

A good Goddess and an area

About checklist, Yehwa ‘s the label out-of an area. Just as one nomadic class lived in a land entitled Seir, another stayed in a land called Yehwa. In antiquity, a reputation you may be one another a toponym and you may an excellent theonym. The name Assyria (Assur) illustrates that it certainly: it is the name off Assyrias master deity as well as its ancient money urban area. Eventually, it also turned the name of its empire. Another example are the Greek goddess of expertise, Athena, exactly who began since the patron deity out of Athens.

YHWH Originates from the fresh new Edomite Southern

Biblical research suggests that YHWH is inspired by new the southern part of, often on hills of Edom if you don’t further southern area in the Midian otherwise beyond. This might be such as clear during meetville the around three extremely old biblical poems: